Chapter 4 - Infection Control in the Built Environment and Decontamination
Currently, chapter 4 exists as a repository for evidence reviews and tools relating to IPC in the built environment including delivery of appropriate decontamination within health and care settings and risk mitigation for water based pathogens.
Content going forward will be developed via the ARHAI Scotland Infection Control in the Built Environment and Decontamination (ICBED) programme informed by stakeholder engagement and requirements, learning from NHS Assurance programme and outbreaks and incidents.
This chapter is in the early stages of development and at this current time does not fall into the mandatory requirements for the NIPCM.
Guidance consistently recognises that bed spacing requirements contribute towards the control of HAIs. All NHS boards and care providers should aim to meet the minimum bed spacing requirements laid out in the guidance below and in keeping with the date of design and construction of the building. This takes account of ergonomics within the clinical environment and not just healthcare associated infection (HAI) risk. Some other health and care settings may choose to adopt this guidance e.g. hospice settings.
Adult in-patient facilities designed post 2010 should achieve 3.6m (width) x 3.7m (depth) dimensions of SHPN 04-01, HBN 00-03 and SHFN 30. Width of 3.6m is measured from bed centre to bed centre. Since 2014, HBN 00-03’s Figure 45 states a day treatment bay should achieve 2.45m width/centre-to-centre dimension.
Current NHS Scotland Guidance on bed spacing is listed below:
- Core guidance - General design for healthcare buildings (HBN 00-01)
- Core guidance - Clinical and clinical support spaces (HBN 00-03)
- Critical care units (HBN 04-02)
- HAI-SCRIBE Manual information for project teams (SHFN 30 Part A)
- HAI-SCRIBE Implementation strategy and assessment process (SHFN 30 Part B)
- HAI-SCRIBE question sets and checklists (SHFN 30 Part C)
- Adult in-patient facilities (SHPN 04-01)
- In-patient accommodation - supp 1 - Isolation facilities in acute settings (SHPN 4 sup 1)
Work undertaken and published to date has been cited here for ease of reference and use at a clinical level.
Many of these publications were produced prior to development of chapter 4 and were published outwith the existing manual methodology.
Updates to publications will be made where required as part of the ARHAI programme work plans.
ARHAI Scotland will work with SG directorates responsible for these areas in planning to establish planned implementation.
- NHS Scotland Guidance for decontamination of ultrasound probes
- NHSScotland Risk Based Recommendations for the Decontamination of Semi-Invasive Ultrasound Probes: Risk of infection following semi-invasive ultrasound procedures in Scotland, 2010 to 2016
Time to clean
Equipment and environment cleaning
- Roles & Responsibilities for Reusable Patient Care Equipment and Environmental Decontamination
- Summary Report from Pilot of Patient Equipment and Environment Compliance Monitoring Tool
- NHSScotland Guidance for Decontamination and testing of Cardiac Heater Cooler Units (HCUs). v1.0 | National Services Scotland
Alternative approaches to decontamination
- UK and International Review of Alternative Approaches to Environmental and Equipment decontamination
- Literature Review and Practice Recommendations: Existing and emerging technologies used for decontamination of the healthcare environment