The terms ‘incident’ and ‘Incident Management Team’ (IMT) are used as generic terms to cover both incidents and outbreaks
A healthcare infection incident may be:
An exceptional infection episode
- A single case of any serious illness which has major implications for others (patients, staff and/or visitors), the organisation or wider public health e.g. infectious diseases of high consequence such as VHF or XDR-TB.
See literature review for Infectious Diseases of High Consequence (IDHC)
A healthcare associated infection outbreak
- Two or more linked cases with the same infectious agent associated with the same healthcare setting over a specified time period.
- A higher than expected number of cases of HAI in a given healthcare area over a specified time period.
A healthcare infection exposure incident
- Exposure of patients, staff, public to a possible infectious agent as a result of a healthcare system failure or a near miss e.g. ventilation, water or decontamination incidents.
A healthcare infection data exceedance
- A greater than expected rate of infection compared with the usual background rate for that healthcare location.
Further information can be found in the literature review Healthcare infection incidents and outbreaks in Scotland.